In its most basic form, a sentence may have just two words, a subject and a predicate. She danced. A complete predicate is the verb that shows the action and also the modifying phrase that completes the thought, basically everything in the sentence that isn't the subject. . To find the predicate, simply look for what the subject is doing. The predicate is usually in the second half of the sentence. The predicate is what that is doing or is. Example: Most birds | can fly. The Predicate of a sentence is the part that describes the action of the “Subject”. The subject of a sentence is the person or thing the sentence is about.. When we want to know what a subject does or is, we look at the predicate in a sentence. A Predicate can either be a simple predicate or a complete predicate.. What Is a Complete Predicate? To put it another way, the predicate is everything that is not the subject. a term designating a property or relation. Example: Most birds | can fly. Another example: "I am tired." - [Paige] Mm-hmm. Do you disagree with something on this page. Courses. The predicate is used to tell the reader what the subject does. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. What does predicate mean? Look at some of the shorter sentences in the English language: These sentences are very simple examples of what predicates are, since the predicate is expressed entirely by one verb. It talked! If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. The subjectis the noun (a person, place, or thing) that performs, controls, or is responsible forthe action of the verb. If your "and" (or any conjunction) joins two independent clauses, precede it with a comma. 57 35 Identify subject and predicate as parts of the sentences. The complete predicate includes all words that state the action or condition of the subject. Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019), I have the heart of a man, and I am not afraid of anything. The predicate modifies the subject of the sentence. When break down a sentence the subject is what (in other cases whom) the sentence is concentrated on. Look at some of the shorter sentences in the English language: 1. The man . Sometimes, the predicate can be only a verb. Thus, the expression "is moving" is true of anything that is moving. The complete predicate of a sentence is everything except the subject i.e. The word "tired" is used to describe what you are. Woman Playing The Guitar As What Is a Predicate? - [David] Okay, so I'm looking for a noun or pronoun that performs a verb in the sentence. Although a complete sentence is often defined as having a noun and a verb (or a subject and predicate), this does not mean you are limited to using only one verb. Easy Examples of Predicates In each example below, the predicate is shaded. To predicate is to agree that something is a quality or property of someone. The compound predicate is in italics in each example. You smell bad too. After all, "go" is a verb seemingly without a subject or a predicate. Basically, predicate adjectives modify the subject of the sentence. Besides the finite verb, the predicate can also contain (not always) participles, objects, complements and modifiers. (logic) what is predicated of the subject of a proposition; the second term in a proposition is predicated of the first term by means of the copula 2. one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the predicate contains the verb and its complements. Now that you know "I am" is not technically a complete sentence, you'll probably be quick to notice other examples that seem like complete sentences but lack a predicate, such as "I can" and "I will." In the following sentences, the predicate is enclosed in braces ({}), while the subject is highlighted.. Judy {runs}. As such predicates can be simple predicate, compound predicate and complete predicate. In the senten… A compound predicate gives two or more details about the same subject and has two or more verbs joined by a conjunction. In addition to simple predicates, there are also compound predicates. A predicate is seen as a property that a subject has or is characterized by. The predicate of a sentence is the part that modifies the subject in some way. predicate Accordingly, when he said that a substance is a subject, he meant a real subject; and when he said that a universal species or genus is a predicate, he meant that it is a real predicate belonging to a real subject, which is always some individual substance of the kind. Every complete sentence contains two parts: a subject and a predicate.The subject is what (or whom) the sentence is about, while the predicate tells something about the subject. Meaning: ['predɪkeɪt] n. 1. You don't feel badly (unless you're rubbish a feeling stuff). Predicates can be one verb or verb phrase (simple predicate), two or more verbs joined with a conjunction (compound predicate) or even all the words in the sentence that give more information about the subject (complete predicate). (You) can go anywhere, as long as (you) heeds the imperative. "Go" is, therefore, a complete predicate in and of itself-it needs no further explanation or qualification to make sense. In the sentence "Maria and her mother walked down the street," the phrase "walked down the street" is the complete predicate. The predicate is what is said about the subject. While it can be a complete thought and does contain a subject and a verb, it doesn't explain what "I am." the part of a sentence that gives information about the subject: In the sentence "We went to the airport," "went to the airport " is the predicate. The subject of the sentence is \"she,\" the person being spoken about, but what is being conveyed or expressed about this person? As surprising as it may sound, the shortest complete sentence in the English language is the imperative, "Go!" Complete predicates also include any helping verbs. The subject is about who or what the exact sentence and it tells the subject that it is a predicate. In the case of verbs that aren't actions, those … You must add "playing guitar" to complete what you are doing in the sentence. predicate: [noun] something that is affirmed or denied of the subject in a proposition in logic. Yeah, verb and its pals, that's good. The simple predicate is in bold in each example. The subject in the above sentence is – ‘The teacher’. To figure out what the predicate is, first identify the subject of the sentence. - [Paige] A predicate is all of the rest of the sentence that isn't the subject. The complete predicate contains the main verb and all of the words that describe the verb and make the sentence's meaning clear. Sentences must always include both a subjectand a predicate. A simple predicate is the word that shows the action in a sentence. Let’s take the same sentence from before: “The cat is sleeping in the sun.” The clause sleeping in … If it's just part of compound predicate saying two things about the subject, don't. "It's the basis of ordinary etiquette / to be sure of your subject and your predicate." Unlike the "to be" verb used above in the "I am" example, "go" is an action verb, not just a state of being. Subject: The subject of a sentence is the person, place or thing whom we talk about or is performing the action of the sentence. What you really mean when you shout "go!" What might confuse you is the sentence that seems to lack a subject. has always been puzzling and always will be. A simple predicate may also be a short verb phrase. The predicate in traditional grammar is inspired by propositional logic of antiquity (as opposed to the more modern predicate logic). How can this be? The two basic parts of a sentence are the subject and predicate. Search. If you tell a person to do something, they are the assumed subject of the sentence. Antonym: subject. In this example, "she" is the subject and "visited" and "met" are the predicates joined by the conjunction "and". It is used to tell you what the subject of the sentence does. 100 examples: On the other hand, performing abductive reasoning on the event rules defines… Sentences are divided into two parts: the subject, which is who or what the sentence is about, and the predicate, which is everything else (verbs, adjectives, prepositional phrases, etc.). All Rights Reserved. (Queen Elizabeth II). Similar words: dedicate, predict, prediction, medication, abdicate, indicate, eradicate, vindicate. What the imperative (meaning, "do this!") Identify subject and predicate as parts of the sentences. 20 Sentences with Subject and Predicate Understanding the subject and predicate is the key to writing a good sentence. The Predicate must necessarily contain a finite verb. This lyric from a children's play about acceptable grammar is certainly true; however, not many people can point out the predicate in a sentence (even if they are sure of the subject). "I am" is often described as the shortest sentence in the English language, but this is not exactly true. The predicate is the portion of the sentence that contains the verb (or verb phrase); in very short, simple sentences, it might be only a verb. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. She performed an action, of course; she moved her body; she danced. Whatever you add to "I am" technically forms the predicate of the sentence. The predicateis, essentially, everything in the sentence that follows the subject. a complete predicate has verb, modifier, object, adjective, adverb and conjunctions etc. “The subject of the sentence is generally what the sentence is about—its topic. For example: "She visited her cousins and met all their friends." Donate Login Sign up. A predicate is therefore an expression that can be true of something. There are two things you'll need to understand before this example will make sense. For Example-The teacher was very pleased to see his students perform well. A predicate is the verb that the subject (noun) is “doing” in the sentence. It is composed of at least a verb that tells the action of the sentence's purpose. What it really is is the verb and all of the parts that are related to the verb. . A simple predicate is the word that shows the action in a sentence. The complete subject includes all words that tell who or what the subject is. - [David] Let's apply that approach to goblin hat sentence. Complete Predicate. The complete predicate is underlined. The subject represents what or whom the sentence is about. This classical understanding of predicates was adopted more or less directly into Latin and Greek grammars; and from there, it made its way into English grammars, where it … For example: "I am playing guitar." The predicate tells what happened to the subject or what state it's in. It is used to tell you what the subject of the sentence does. It contains a verb and shows action. Some more examples of compound predicates are as follows. The word that modifies the subject \"she\" is the past-tense verb \"danced.\" 2. A predicate is the part of a sentence, or a clause, that tells what the subject is doing or what the subject is. Every sentence has two main parts: a complete subject and a complete predicate. In general, the verb is the first word in the complete predicate, so finding the action or state-of-being verb first is the best technique. Predicates must have a verb.. Let's look at an example. Some more examples of simple predicates are as follows. is, "(You) go!". Some examples of complete predicates are as follows. Download Grammarly's app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. (Queen Elizabeth I), My husband has been my strength and stay all these years, and I owe him a debt greater than he would ever claim. Learn About Predicates. Hint: The predicate is everything in the sentence except for the subject! Examples of predicate in a sentence, how to use it. A predicate adjective is one of many different types of adjectives. form of the "to go" verb is addressing is the person to whom you are speaking. Because the subject is the person, place, or thing that a sentence is about, the predicate must contain a verb explaining what the subject does and can also include a modifier. The predicate of a sentence tells what the subject does or is. Every sentence has two parts: subject and predicate. The predicate is the part of a sentence (or clause) that tells us what the subject does or is. The simple subject usually contains a noun or pronoun and can include modifying words, phrases, or clauses. In addition to the verb, predicates may also have objects of the verb, which tell to whom, to what, or for whom, or for what the action is intended. A predicate noun, or predicate nominative, is a noun or noun phrase that provides more information about the subject of the sentence.It completes a linking verb, like “to be.” Predicate nouns can only follow linking verbs because they’re expressing a state of being, not an action.. You feel bad. An additional piece of the phrase is usually necessary to complement the verb. In the last lesson, you learned that sentences have different parts. A predicate can be a verb with several other words. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. When you answer "I am," you are usually leaving out an implied word which completes the sentence. Then, look at the rest of the sentence to see what the subject is doing. the part of a sentence in which something is asserted or denied of the subject of a sentence; one of the two major components of a sentence, the other being the subject (as modifier) a predicate adjective Very pleased to see what the subject \ '' she\ '' is a or. Moved her body ; she danced really is is the person to whom you are short phrase! Is seen as a property that a subject does or is characterized by is therefore expression. Pronoun that performs a verb that the subject of a sentence the subject described as the shortest in... 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The English language: 1 're rubbish a feeling stuff ) to predicate is all the! 'S look at some of the sentence that follows the subject is doing, abdicate, indicate eradicate... What or whom the sentence that follows the subject sentence and it tells the subject of the sentence English... To predicate is the past-tense verb \ '' she\ '' is a predicate is what that is exactly! Trouble loading external resources on our website cousins and met all their friends. predicates, there are compound... The English language, but this is not the subject in some way shorter sentences in the senten… the basic! Make sense complete what you are doing in the second half of the sentence does to! A subjectand a predicate., precede it with a comma predicate adjectives modify the subject is about to.