Price. After seeing you very interesting page I noticed the photo of a destroyed truck and a battalion mess sergeant wrapped in a poncho on the ground in April 1945. One of the men I feature in my book was in fire control. He was captured and in his possession was a map showing all of the German artillery positions in the area. 240mm howitzer preparing to fire, January 1944. The bursting charge of its round lacked power and others guns were more accurate. I have his IKE Jacket and photos when he married my mother in Lyon France on 9 Oct 1945 before his re-deployment back to the US 0n 19 Nov 45 from Le Havre France aboard the Monticello AP-61 arriving NY 27 Nov 45. I cannot find either a towed 155mm Howitzer or Long Tom 155mm battalion (non-divisional) designated as the 274th. Upon arrival at a position, using such equipment as aiming circles, range finders, and other survey equipment like steel tapes and chains, the enlisted men of the section would lay in the guns to prepare them for aiming direction and elevation. http://memory.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/story/loc.natlib.... CJ Kelly (author) from the PNW on January 02, 2018: Glad to hear from you. Hi Mr. Kelly- I did not have much luck on the 4th Infantry Division Association Page in finding anything on the 20th Field Artillery Batallion- do you have any other page suggestions- any advice is much appreciated! 240mm gun being towed by M33 tractor, Italy 1943 or 1944. To be commissioned those ROTC cadets had to attend OCS after going through basic training and AIT. These battalions were directly under the command of their respective Corps which had its own commanders and staff to coordinate all its elements. Please take as long as you need. From what I have gathered he was with 5th Army as part of II Corps and or VI Corps Artillery through North Africa, Italy, then with VI Corps, VII Army through Southern France, and into Germany. Part of the reason American artillery was so effective was good forward observation. It was a 155mm howitzer battalion and did fight in the Bulge and in '45. If you have any other questions, please let me know. I just missed a man who served under my dad, died two weeks before I found him, but I have at least one of his descendants and hope to talk to her. Under favorable conditions, an American heavy artillery battalion could road march up to 160 miles per day. His discharge papers list 274th Field Artillery Battalion, Battery B Let me explain - His name was Willis L. Henry and was drafted in 9/44 and discharged in 1946, He trained in Fort Sill, OK and arrived as a replacement in a camp in Charleyville, France sometime in late February or early March 1945 and joined his unit shortly after. The effectiveness of German artillery was limited by ammunition shortages that dwarfed those of the Allies. The unit ended the war near Hitler's Eagles Nest. CJ Kelly (author) from the PNW on May 13, 2020: Hi Mr. Gruber, I do. Will do my best and get back to you as soon as I can. I have seen them, but I hope to add them to my You Tube channel soon. Note the tire difference with later versions of the gun. The 194th Field Artillery Regiment is a field artillery regiment of the Army National Guard. Because of the separately loaded powder, it was vital that the powder chambers of the 155mm tubes be swabbed and inspected after each round was fired. Self-propelled artillery took on a greater role and of course, missile and rocket technology changed the branch forever. It aids in laying in the guns by taking into account the Y Azimuth distance between true north and magnetic north. Will send over the excerpt. But Fort Sill might be come through for me. I used to speak with two different librarians/assistants at the library in Fort Sill (I'm calling the library, it could be the office for Field Artillery Journal mag). Thank you, Mr. Kelly. I will keep at it. By the time of Operation TORCH in November 1942, the Army had deployed an entire family of new guns. He apparently has a lot pics, etc. The American guns were a bit heavier than their German counterparts and generally had a longer range. Fort Sill was also where then-Lieutenant Colonel Lesley J. McNair introduced modern instruction methods which greatly facilitated the Army’s ability to rapidly expand the Field Artillery branch. The Field Artillery units in the state of Colorado are the largest and the oldest of the Colorado Army National Guard. Keep me posted. Hope you can help. Having survived the Battle of the Hürtgen Forest, the 951 st Field Artillery Battalion, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Carl L. Isenberg (ID) made its way from Aachen, Germany to Maffe, Belgium in late December 1944. No, the increase in FO's had no relationship to the increase in number of guns. The sight had an alcohol bubble which he had to level prior to firing while using number wheel to traverse the tube left or right. I can share with you his story of stepping on a landmine. Information on this unit has been hard to come by, do you have any notion of how I might find out more about the 689th? Sorry for the delays. NOTE: This summary of Army Tables of Organization and Equipment includes only combat and directly related major support units. That baffled me til someone pointed out that in his situation, points wouldn't matter, and exactly what you said--the regrouping of men. Can I ask one more question? Field Artillery Battalion, 69th Infantry Division Lt Col Iienry E. Strickland, 016140, Comnanding Officer, 79th Field Artillery Group . Always a popular feature and in some cases, it has brought old friends together. There's also a great shot of the gunner's M12 panoramic scope. Within a year all 105mm M2s had pneumatic like the ones below. Some after the war. The skills of these men also translated into high quality artillery observers. While the gunner corporal worked his sight, the assistant gunner, positioned on the right side of the breech, operated a hand wheel to set the elevation. He also said that his unit was emplaced for a couple weeks around Kassel, Germany during the Rhineland Campaign as he got strafed by German fighters. That raised the total to 6 - my assignment was to "E" Co, 331st Regt. Maybe a quick bio on your dad (West Point class, hometown, etc.). My dad was with the 268th FA during the Bulge. I passed your name along. Heavier guns in separate battalions were attached to divisions, corps, or armies as needed. Contact them. In theory it was supposed to provide supplemental firepower for the infantry companies. German Field Marshal Erich von Manstein commented on the effectiveness of American trucks, even in the mud of the Russian front, where they sharply increased the mobility of Russian artillery units. Stay well. I have a lot of links and contacts for you. Also found in Hugh Cole's The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge. Although requiring more personnel and having some technical differences (i.e. Army Center for Military History (See U. Lee's The Employment of Negro Troops). Great close-up of a crewman adding a propellant charge to a 155mm howitzer. The 62nd AFA Bn was a team of; train as you go, be the best, innovate, and do your job, men who fought with courage and conviction in WW II. The Army issued the M36 to tank destroyer battalions in Europe in the latter part of the war. Rich Anderson, 2007. Behind the safety plate, on the left side of the breech, the gunner corporal worked a telescopic sight known as the gunner’s quadrant (or gunner’s scope), containing an azimuth scale that measured horizontal deflection, which he set on orders from the firing officer. Each gun crew was considered a section and within each section there was a sergeant (Section Chief), a gunner corporal and assistant gunner (known as the #1), two other assistant gunners and three cannoneers. Memorial to the Wereth 11 The unit landed at Normandy in early July 1944 and saw continuous combat as corps artillery throughout the summer. Despite the copious Army manuals and regulations that defined nearly every aspect of life, the Army still encouraged low-level decision making regarding daily operations of its combat units. It moved to Marl on 31 March, the end of the period. Battery commanders spotted the fall of their rounds, usually from a crude tower near the guns. This was the largest field gun in the U.S. inventory during the War. This indicated that the break was somewhere between where they were and the location of the last “Okay” call. Many of the other non-firing battery assignments came with a multitude of dangers and nowhere was that more illustrated than for the men of the wire section of HQ Battery. Everything in his records say that he served in the 274th Field Artillery Battalion from his inscription to discharge. Thankfully my sister is older and paid more attention! CJ Kelly (author) from the PNW on October 03, 2017: thank you for your service mr burr, you are a true american hero. They would follow a dead line some distance, usually to a place that had just been shelled. 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